Which are the top countries in halal food, Islamic finance, Muslim-friendly travel, modest fashion, halal pharma and cosmetics? CIMB ISLAMIC Wadiah trading bank negara forex EQUITY – 47. AFFIN HWANG AIIMAN PRS SHARIAH GROWTH – 46. CIMB ISLAMIC EQUITY AGGRESSIVE – 45.
AFFIN HWANG AIIMAN GROWTH – 45. HONG LEONG DANA MAKMUR – 43. Note: 2 PMB INVESTMENT Syariah-compliant funds are ranked at No. I am a Consultant and Agency Manager for PMB INVESTMENT. I can assist you in making investment in PMB INVESTMENT Syariah funds and monitoring and advising on the performance of the funds. Level 16, 1 Sentral, Jalan Stesen Sentral 5, KL Sentral, 50470 Kuala Lumpur. Despite the challenges faced by the sukuk market, there have been a number of significant developments in recent months, including regulatory changes in the US and the inclusion of sukuk in a number of key indices.
A lot of sukuk investors, particularly Islamic banks, are hold-to-maturity investors not due to Sharia principals but because there is such a scarcity of sukuk assets. This is in turn a consequence of the limited volume of issuance, with demand far outstripping supply. That may explain why, after a wave of sukuk from new issuers such as the UK and Luxembourg in 2014, the number of new entrants to the market has dwindled. Unfortunately, this is unlikely to change quickly, despite industry attempts to improve standardization, and investors will need to understand and be patient in the meantime. Such concerns are not eased by reports that highlight how interpretations within a country may change over time.
Despite these concerns, investor demand is such that new issuance is almost always oversubscribed, even as the size of sukuks continue to grow. 9 billion Saudi sovereign sukuk earlier this year, which became the largest issuance to date. Another area of potentially great significance is the inclusion of sukuks in the EMBI and JACI indices published by JP Morgan. This is seen as a very positive development, as it brings sukuks onto the radar of many more investors and fund managers. For the IFFIm, it was a way to diversify its investor base and raise its profile in the Middle East. Islamic finance is an unconventional financial system which has witnessed impressive growth over the last decade.
Global Islamic Economy report revealed that Islamic finance is still very little known by the general public, Muslims and non-Muslims. Islamic finance differs from conventional banking in several aspects. The key principle that underlies Sharia-compliant finance is the prohibition of interests, considered as a means of exploitation and unjust to the consumer. It includes industries such as alcohol, pork, tobacco, arms and pornography among others. Since gambling is also forbidden, the most unsafe financial products which bet on uncertain events, such as derivatives, futures or swaps are not used by Islamic banking either. The risks linked to a loan are shared between the bank and the customer. We don’t work with interests, we work in a partnership.
Instead of lending the money to the buyer to purchase a house or a car, for instance, it is the bank which buys the item and re-sells it to the buyer providing a profit payable in instalments. One doesn’t need to be Muslim to open an account in an Islamic bank. We appeal to both the Muslim and non-Muslim market. Seventy percent of customers that came to us last year were non-Muslims.
UK Islamic banks have extra levels of supervision compared to conventional banks. Sharia compliance at a global level, but those recommendations cannot be enforced upon the banks. Scholars from competing schools of thought often have contrasting views, making a particular operation Sharia-compliant to one school of thought, but not to another. To Mufti Abdul Qadir Barkatulla, this is a major drawback for the growth of Islamic banking. The Islamic financial institutions cannot really compete with mainstream institutions.
Another problem is the shortage of Sharia scholars in the industry that leads individuals to hold positions in several companies’ Sharia supervisory committees. We have no quarrel with conventional finance. Every community and every culture live according to their own lifestyle and Muslims are entitled to have their own. After speaking a few words, she hangs up and scribbles in a wrinkled notebook. My driver has found another customer so won’t be back for another 30 minutes,” she says with a satisfied smile. Hujale, who lives in the northeast Kenyan town of Wajir, used to make and sell kitchen utensils, “mostly to pastoralists who would use them as dowry for their daughters’ weddings”. But as they lost their animals to drought, they had no money left to buy my products.
So I had to find an alternative,” she said. Crescent Takaful Sacco, an Islamic finance institution, and used the money to buy a tuk-tuk and set up a taxi business in Wajir. Access to credit is critical to help communities prepare for and cope with increasingly frequent climate shocks like droughts and floods, experts say. We’re trying to fill a gap that banks and traditional institutions are not able or willing to fill. The toughest challenge in this largely pastoralist county is prolonged drought, which Hamara Hujale said “affects everyone”. In addition to her kitchen utensil business, she used to herd over 100 goats – but drought has claimed many of them.
I can’t even remember how many have died,” she said, bending to smell her pot of ugali. London-based think tank, said that families with little or no disposable income are most affected when drought hits. To avoid this situation, Mutisya said the sacco’s clients tend to take out loans in “good times”, such as the harvesting season, when they can most easily qualify for loans. They then hold the cash as easily accessible savings, so that in dry periods they can buy food and fodder for their animals to survive. While many clients use the sacco as a way to boost their cash on hand, others like Hamara Hujale take out larger loans to set up their own businesses. That fills a key gap in the market that is not met by other banks or institutions, Diyad Hujale said.
Wajir is vast and its residents earn very little, so to most investors they don’t make ‘business sense,'” he said. Simonet concurred that the potential for pastoralists to launch businesses is often underestimated. We tend to only look at pastoralists for example as households, when they’re also producers, businesses, and a hugely untapped source of investment,” she said. Key to the sacco’s model is trust, said Mutisya. We don’t just blindly give out loans.